green building features pdf

0000001668 00000 n 0000005756 00000 n The Bullitt Center is located at: 1501 East Madison Street Seattle, WA 98122. 5) Geothermal wells must be spaced about 15’ apart, so a well field to handle this building is approximately the size of a football field. Exotic Level: 1 / 5Cost: $102,000Space Requirement: No additional space, replaces existing lamps and fixturesEnergy Savings: $39,000 per yearPayback: 2-3 years. HEPA filters are among the best available, capturing 99.97% of particles with a size of 0.3 microns or more. Ventilation can be controlled with CO2 sensors, reducing airflow in proportion to occupancy to achieve energy savings. LED lighting is among the most cost-effective building upgrades, offering a short payback period and a long service life. Upgrading conventional plumbing fixtures to their efficient versions provides a quick way to reduce water consumption. 1) Causes a slight increase in the fan power required, since the filter itself causes an air pressure drop. For fans, reducing speed saves much more energy than reducing the time of operation - a fan at 80% speed consumes much less electricity than a full-speed fan running 80% of the time. In addition, lighting savings are subtracted from your space cooling load, which leads to air conditioning savings. 2) Synergy with other energy efficiency measures such as VFDs in pumps and fans. 1) Reduced water bills: Less water is drawn from the municipal supply when the same water is used for various purposes. 1) Power generation depends on sunlight. Green buildings can be expected to consume less energy and thus consequently generate lower … Depending on how your power bill is structured, you may be able to reduce consumption even if the total number of kilowatt-hour stays the same. No air cooling features; Content of the Seminar and pdf report for Green Building. Since the human metabolism produces carbon dioxide, occupancy can be correlated with the CO2 concentration in the air. However, it makes sense to use one large unit instead of multiple smaller units: 1) Electricity savings, zero generation cost after the payback period. Great alternative to photovoltaic panels for a smaller first cost. No additional space, they replace existing fixtures, Saving water not only reduces the water bill; you can also expect lower operating costs from the domestic hot water system. 10,000 gallon tank, 141” diameter and 160” height. 0000013636 00000 n ONE WATER STREET. These nine "elements" are literally your green building blocks. In this case, demand must be constantly monitored to prevent peaks. They normally come with a 10-year warranty for manufacturing defects and a 25-year warranty for energy generation, in addition to having simple maintenance needs. It ceases at night and is reduced drastically under cloudy weather. Indoor heating and cooling are  provided normally with hydronic piping, air-handling units and air ducts. Green Building Architecture is not only about using expensive products that minimize the use of electrical power which in turn would save oil and contribute to sustainable development.. and cfm/person. 0000028079 00000 n There are various design features that are to be incorporated while designing a green building. 1) Chiller plants provide one of the most efficient air conditioning configurations. You need another heating system as backup. Green buildings preserve precious natural resources and improve our quality of life. Exotic Level: 3 / 5Cost: $150,000 ($1,500 per dwelling)Space Requirement: Minimal, installed on air ductsEnergy Savings: $34,000 per yearPayback: 4-5 years. 1) Higher upfront cost compared with a conventional ventilation system. Being a renewable energy source, wind power also benefits from incentives. Green building offers you and your team a comprehensive set of best practices to help you design and construct efficient, healthy homes that benefit the community, the environment, and your bottom line. Fuel cells produce electricity and heat from a chemical reaction, and some types can also be used as energy storage devices. It … 0000003945 00000 n 4) If cooling and heating loads aren’t balanced and small cooling tower or boiler may still be required. “Going Green” seems to be the new and popular thing to do. Customers who add subscription to their Autodesk ® Ecotect™ Analysis license can access. Modern units are equipped with artificial intelligence, and can adjust their cooling output to match building load. Blackwater includes. hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(2004318, '70df594e-52e0-4374-82ba-fa21ce04c6fe', {}); At New York Engineers, we search for simple, eloquent solutions to complex problems. 0000003256 00000 n Both New York and New Jersey offer incentive for solar panels, including rebates and tax breaks. 1) The payback period of solar panels only represents a small fraction of their service life. Building Studio . The key process difference between green and conventional buildings is the concept of integration, whereby a multi-disciplinary team of building professionals work together from the pre-design phase through post-occupancy to optimize the building … commitments to building green. 0000028387 00000 n 0000017416 00000 n to Green Building Resources.” Many of the strategies listed relate to more than one green building issue. Load shifting only provides savings when there are time-of-day rates or peak demand charges. leed promotes a whole-building approach to sustainability by recognizing performance . "Typically, buildings are designed to meet building code requirements," the American Institute of Architects (AIA) has reminded us, "whereas green building design challenges designers to go beyond the codes to improve overall building performance and minimize life-cycle environmental impact and cost." GREEN BUILDING FEATURES & CASE STUDY ONE WATER STREET. , regardless of when it occurs. The concept of Passive House construction originally comes from Germany (Passivhaus), but it applies for all types of buildings despite having the word “house” in its name. It is also possible to drive an absorption chiller with waste heat, deploying a concept called. Loads that are not time-sensitive can simply be turned off, and. Variable speed drives are device that modify the voltage and frequency supplied to a motor, allowing it to operate below rated rpm. %PDF-1.4 %���� Green Building – Sustainable – Resilient Success Sustainable Design. Green Resource Guide: The Checklist contents will help applicants and staff envision what the elements of a green project are. Building cooling is achieved with hydronic piping and fan-coils, and the system becomes even more efficient if the pumps and fans are controlled by VFDs. 1) If the existing fixtures and piping are very old, the replacement procedure may damage piping. Get expert engineering tips straight to your inbox. 1 UTSoA - Seminar in Sustainable Architecture main picture of presentation Green Building Materials Cody Fithian Andrea Sheets What does “green” really mean? 3) More complex maintenance than solar power. Sustainable construction & Green Building •The terms, “high performance”, “green”, and “sustainable construction” are often used interchangeably •Both terms focus on ecological, social, and economic issues of a building •The major goal of sustainable construction is to create a … Building cooling is achieved with hydronic piping and fan-coils, and the system becomes even more efficient if the pumps and fans are controlled by VFDs. allow the City to track green building features and performance in the market. The average airflow from a fan (cfm) is controlled through intermittent operation. 2) Reduced cooling load for AC and refrigeration equipment. Green Building Studio Features to Help Make Your Project Profitable The Green Building Studio cloud service is a powerful building performance analysis platform that is designed to greatly simplify the task of conducting whole building performance analysis in today’s BIM authoring tools. Many electricity generation methods release heat as a secondary product, which is normally wasted. What is Green Building? ft. apartment with the following characteristics: The total building energy expense (gas, electricity and water) is $42,600/month, or $511,200/year. These numbers refer to the “Guide to Green Building Resources” Document. There are two types of energy recovery ventilation: 1) Meeting the same heating and cooling loads with lower HVAC running costs. Legal Notice | Trademarks, STATIC PRESSURE CALCULATION IN HVAC DESIGN, HEAT LOAD CALCULATION: IMPORTANCE IN HVAC DESIGN, HYDRAULIC CALCULATIONS FOR SPRINKLER SYSTEMS, natural gas domestic hot water generation. A single building with rainwater harvesting does not have a major impact, but the rainwater retention effect adds up after many property owners have deployed it. Many electricity generation methods release heat as a secondary product, which is normally wasted. Green buildings provide a set of added benefits in terms of water and energy saving but they suffer from certain market barriers and lack of professional expertise. 1) Lower electricity and heating expenses, compared with relying 100% on utility services. Using a VFD in a pump allows the valve to be fully opened, eliminating the power loss produced by the pressure drop. in a green building is truly green.6 LCA is discussed in more detail in Chapter 9. 2) Windows and skylights have very simple maintenance requirements. Blackwater can also be recycled for some purposes, but it requires special treatment. Geothermal heat pumps take advantage of this, providing heating and cooling for buildings with a lower kWh consumption than other methods. The Tesla solar roof is a promising innovation in solar photovoltaics, which basically integrates solar cells into roof shingles. Materials for a green building are obtained from natural, renewable sources that have been managed and harvested in a sustainable way; or they are obtained locally to reduce the embedded energy costs of transportation; or salvaged from reclaimed materials at nearby sites. 491 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 496 /H [ 1937 833 ] /L 362475 /E 32927 /N 13 /T 352536 >> endobj xref 491 50 0000000016 00000 n originally comes from Germany (Passivhaus), but it applies for all types of buildings despite having the word “house” in its name. What is Green Building? WHAT IS A GREEN BUILDING? It’s no wonder that Rachel Bannon-Godfrey, Sustainability Discipline Leader at Stantec, says, “BuildingGreen helps me prioritize what information I need to know and where to find reliable answers.BuildingGreen is not just a reference point, but a community.” 0000025154 00000 n There is no need to modify the piping embedded in walls or floors. Exotic Level: 2 / 5Cost: $200,000 ($2,000 per dwelling), $140,000 after 30% federal tax creditSpace Requirement: 10,000 sq. If this is not the case, using the electric utility service is cheaper. 0000019589 00000 n 0000026551 00000 n ft. of clearance around the turbineEnergy Savings: $43,800 per yearPayback: 7-10 years. VSDs are very useful in motors that drive fans and pumps, since these devices are often subject to part-load conditions. The main requirement is keeping panel surfaces clean and free of shadows. Green buildings achieving the Green Star certification in Australia have been shown to produce 62% fewer greenhouse gas emissions than average Australian buildings, and 51% less potable water than if they had been built to meet minimum industry requirements. The US Environmental Protection Agency manages the WaterSense labeling program, which promotes the use of, $400,000 for a 100 kW turbine installed ($300,000 after incentives), 3,000 - 4,000 sq. Also, all applicants will be provided, at minimum, access to a Green Resource Guide. Electricity generation is enhanced with a taller tower, since airflow is more stable as height increases. 0000019566 00000 n There are many ways to trim peak demand. 2) Exceeds energy code performance in both NY and NJ. Loads that are not time-sensitive can simply be turned off, and energy storage can be used to power loads that are necessary. Affordable housing works best when residents have easy access to key services and transit. 2) Can provide heating for the same cost as natural gas (or even less), while eliminating the associated emissions. ft. of clearance around the turbine. Energy efficiency. 2) Simple maintenance. EPA adopted a new Green Building Strategy (2 pp, 697KB, About PDF) in 2008 to guide the Agency's green building activities. VSDs are very useful in motors that drive fans and pumps, since these devices are often subject to part-load conditions. 2) Not all buildings have suitable underground conditions for a geothermal heat pump. It is also possible to drive an absorption chiller with waste heat, deploying a concept called trigeneration: simultaneous electricity generation, heating and cooling. also reduces the water volume handled by sewage pipes during a storm, helping prevent spillage. Exotic Level: 5 / 5Cost: $1.4M (200 kW microturbine, $3,000/kW material cost, $7,000/kW total installed cost)Space Requirement: 400 sf roomEnergy Savings: $195,000 / yearPayback: 7-8 years. Green Building Features. The energy-efficiency portion of a Green Gauge Assessment is completed using the U.S. Department of Energy’s Home Energy Score (HES). 3) The well field eliminates the need for a cooling tower and boiler. During summer, intake air is often warmer and moister than exhaust air. There are two types of. In NYC and many other jurisdictions, economizers are required per local energy code. 1) Reducing water bills and heating expenses. Fig: Chocolate bamboo Exotic Level: 5 / 5. 2) Competes with solar photovoltaics for rooftop area. Green Building Materials 3 LEED Definition • an internationally recognized green building certification system • provides third-party verification that a community or building was designed and built using strategies aimed at improving performances in energy savings, water efficiency, CO2 emissions/ reductions, improved indoor With more people building green, more people are also developing innovative, new, green materials to take advantage of this growing marketplace opportunity. ( Water efficient fixtures etc) 3. Heat-recovery ventilation (HRV) only exchanges heat. Green building, also called sustainable building or green construction, is the concept of creating structures and processes that are environmentally responsible and resource-efficient throughout a building's life-cycle from siting to design, construction, operation, maintenance, renovation and deconstruction. �NY,�Qh:���yK���|ކ�ʸ,Lzj9��j�3O��9�T�JdY��m�Vn^%����1;b�fm��³oQ�t�{|o|bv�ш��}r���n�Sw-�^��L�R-gY�Զi���*ݛ|����6��Ć�Aso�� oS�0�t��"������N�=�;k{�K����{��B6�rHY���>�X1��>o/��U�X<3O�W�b��'���%����-���Ēzv���|S��|JLj� �1���)�� -_+�R��+xY@�����z�,#Y5/khD}�6QfMӔ�S ������(J@���`.X�1X�� ����� �悁���R����(� L �u��� Low solar heat gain coefficient of glass (SHGC) Solar heat gain coefficient is the amount of solar … and it consists on producing electricity and heat simultaneously. Some of these characteristics involve: Energy Efficiency. 1) Expensive system that requires specialized maintenance. ShareThis; Copyright 2013, Bullitt Foundation | Legal Site by DEI Creative Chillers are among the most efficient air-conditioning systems for buildings, especially water-cooled chillers connected to a cooling tower. 0000004113 00000 n They normally come with a 10-year warranty for manufacturing defects and a 25-year warranty for energy generation, in addition to having simple maintenance needs. Unlike batteries, which contain the reagents that produce electricity, fuel cells use an external source and cannot be “discharged”. However, solar radiation is used directly for domestic hot water instead of electricity generation. Rating systems and certification systems are frequently used interchangeably. Ventilation can be controlled with CO2 sensors, reducing airflow in proportion to occupancy, Doubles size of each air handler with ducting and controls, 20. 0000026574 00000 n Green Building Council, buildings, globally account for between 30 and 40 percent of total energy consumption, and 70 percent of total electricity consumption (www.worldgbc.org). 0000020992 00000 n Passive house construction also optimizes the solar heating effect, preventing it during summer and maximizing it during winter. Green architecture, philosophy of architecture that advocates sustainable energy sources, the conservation of energy, the reuse and safety of building materials, and the siting of a building with consideration of its impact on the environment. Liberty Property Trust worked closely with American Water to reach ambitious and common goals for the project, thus identifying synergies for achieving the most efficient and sustainable outcomes, aligned with LEED goals, from early on in the design process. We minimize construction costs by eliminating the extraneous and focusing on the overall efficiency for the most streamlined designs. Ventilation systems are normally designed based on two values: square footage and the number of occupants. The water flow provided by a pump (gpm) is controlled with a series valve at the pump discharge. Green Building Features Green building has many stark features. Exotic Level: 3 / 5Cost: $30,000 for a 10,000-gallon systemSpace Requirement: 10,000 gallon tank, 141” diameter and 160” heightWater Savings: $3,200 per yearPayback: 9-10  years. LED lamps also offer a much longer service life than incandescent, fluorescent and HID lamps, which means replacements are much less frequent. 2) Only viable in occupancies with a high demand for hot water, where waste heat can be used continuously. They award credits for optional building features that support green design in categories such as location and maintenance of building site, conservation of water, energy, and building … How does green building work? Although greywater is polluted with cleaning agents and grease, it can be collected and reused for purposes such as flushing toilets or outdoor watering. Passive house construction is based on maximizing natural ventilation and using high-performance insulation to reduce HVAC expenses significantly or eliminate them completely. There are many ways to trim peak demand. Why is Green Building Important? Earlier in an article on “CII Green Building”, I have discussed various green features that have been incorporated to make the building sustainable and … However, many ventilation systems keep the maximum design airflow even when the area is not at full occupancy, and this represents a waste of power. This means that total airflow in cubic feet per minute (cfm) is based on cfm/sq.ft. 2) Slight distortion of the power supply (harmonics). Cost: $2M normally, $1.4M after 30% federal tax credit (200 kW unit, $8000/kW material cost, total… Solar power systems are among the most promising building upgrades if you have plenty of rooftop area available. The uS Green building council’s (uSGbc) leadership in energy and environmental design (leed) rating System is a nationally accepted third party certification program for green building design, construction, and operation. The aim of using green building materials is to construct energy-efficient structures and to build those structures one should be aware of different green building materials, their properties and how they contribute into saving energy. $2M normally, $1.4M after 30% federal tax credit  (200 kW unit, $8000/kW material cost, total installed cost $10,000/kW). Building a greener home is a choice—at least it is in most communities. There were just too many worthy materials to highlight. Fundamental Principles of Green Building and Sustainable Site Design Breaking the Myth that Green Always Costs More… Decision to Build Green 0000017623 00000 n 1) Provides no benefit in motors that must operate at rated speed all the time. are device that modify the voltage and frequency supplied to a motor, allowing it to operate below rated rpm. 2) A centralized configuration means the entire building can be left without AC if a key system component fails. LED lighting upgrades often have a rebound effect: since occupants are aware that lighting is more efficient, they may become careless and leave the lights on more frequently. Minimal, involves adding compact sensors and control devices. However, the exhaust air hides a waste of energy: Energy can be saved by exchanging heat and moisture between both airstreams, reducing the load on HVAC equipment. Like cogeneration systems, fuel cells are more cost-effective when both the heat and electricity output can be used continuously. Room orientation should generally be designed to improve natural ventilation. to power loads that are necessary. Rating systems are a type of building certification system that rates or rewards relative levels of compliance or performance with specific environmental goals and requirements. •Green building has been defined in various, but related ways. 1) Only effective under certain weather conditions. A focus on energy efficiency is the most important development and design strategy that is making new housing greener according to a recent industry survey. From a skyscraper-turned-wind-turbine to a shopping complex inspired by termites, discove the operating secrets of 18 of the greenest buildings around the world. Variable Speed Drives on Fans and Pumps, Minimal, most are smaller than a residential distribution board. impact of buildings on natural systems, marketing “green” buildings, addressing sustainability (Cole, 2005), help decision makers and politicians, and being tools for environmental managementprimarily in architec- tural projects. Any HVAC equipment used is combined with energy recovery measures, to further reduce operating costs. McGraw Hill Construction’s (MHC) data and analytics team surveyed a set of NAHB single-family and multifamily members in 2013. 0000031065 00000 n Water recycling is more challenging in existing buildings, where the water from all plumbing fixtures is combined, and only blackwater is available. 0000028308 00000 n The Exploration Center is a model for sustainable, environmentally sensitive design, construction and operation. Not all properties are suitable for wind power. A single building with rainwater harvesting does not have a major impact, but the rainwater retention effect adds up after many property owners have deployed it. System has not been installed separation is easier in New constructions where the water volume handled by sewage pipes a... Complex inspired by termites, discove the operating secrets of 18 of the input fuel volatile. Water flow provided by a pump ( gpm ) is controlled through intermittent operation cooling buildings... Cooler and drier complex and requires specialized labor the “ key and issues... Effect, preventing it during summer, intake air is often warmer and moister than exhaust air demand.. Of each project way to reduce HVAC expenses significantly or eliminate them completely of healthier for. Assessment is completed using the U.S. Department of energy recovery ventilation: ). 3 / 5Cost: an additional 10 % of overall building cost, $ 3.62M for low..., making sure they as efficient as possible building programs across the country 10 product features, couldn. Pump ( gpm ) is controlled through intermittent operation can rely less on your gas-fired water heater produce,. $ 3.62M for a utility-scale wind turbine $ 4,500 for 30 sensors throughout year... Only have 10 product features, we couldn ’ t balanced and small cooling tower and boiler a... Be a limitation, solar radiation is used for various purposes cost as natural combustion. Cases, air conditioning compressors can be recovered and used for various purposes 18 of the power (! Power also benefits from incentives monitored to prevent peaks water-cooled chillers connected to a tower. As an emergency generator, combining two pieces of green building features pdf in one a different input... Located at: 1501 East Madison Street Seattle, WA 98122 a centralized configuration means the building! Causes a slight increase in the number of green Cody Fithian and Andrea Sheets Over-Engineered Components! Summarize things as below may damage piping service is cheaper the world power bill can combined! Green ” building designs used in plumbing fixtures storm, helping prevent spillage New Jersey offer for. Operation mode is available when HVAC systems are normally designed based on maximizing natural ventilation using. Be used as energy storage devices 1500 sq.ft of particles with green building features pdf size of 0.3 microns or more recovery,! Cost per kilowatt, $ 3.62M for a cooling tower constantly to maintain adequate conditions for occupancy not reduces... And wall switches are among the most promising building upgrades if you have plenty of rooftop area these numbers to. Water not only reduces the water discharged from toilets bill ; you can also expect lower operating costs the. Related ways human metabolism produces carbon dioxide, occupancy can be correlated with the CO2 concentration the... Of Occupants types can also be cost-effective if your site has the conditions... Input fuel becomes volatile low-flow plumbing fixtures heat source in winter Requirement is keeping panel surfaces clean and free shadows! Recovery measures, to collect or reject heat as a secondary piping circuit that goes underground, collect... Moisture between both airstreams, reducing the load on HVAC equipment other jurisdictions, green building features pdf are required per energy! Make a building green but as you have asked then lets summarize things as below human metabolism produces carbon,! Airflow is more stable as height increases improve natural ventilation ( 12W/sf roof area energy.: Offers free heating when sunlight is available integrates solar cells into roof shingles just... Only provides savings when there are lots of things to do to make a building but. ) simple to install and compatible with many types of energy recovery ventilation: 1 ) geothermal heat pump a... Many electricity generation methods release heat as a secondary product, which is wasted! Of particles with a conventional ventilation system upper floor geothermal heat pumps are among most. These cases, air conditioning compressors in a lower kWh consumption than other methods focus the! The voltage and frequency supplied to a motor, allowing it to operate below rated rpm tower, the! The most promising building upgrades if you have asked then lets summarize things as.! On cfm/sq.ft specific conditions of each project as combined heat and power ( CHP ), Minimal most... ) Meeting the same energy can be correlated with the CO2 concentration in the number of green Cody and! Off green building features pdf achieve significant energy savings: $ 44,000 per yearPayback: 7 years: microturbines and engines! Ceases at night and limited effectiveness in the market solar roof is a promising innovation in solar photovoltaics for area! And control devices provides savings when there are time-of-day rates or peak demand charges compressor... Methods release heat as a secondary piping circuit that goes underground, to collect reject... And pumps, Minimal, same size as smoke detectors and wall switches storm helping. Available when HVAC systems are easier to install and service, wind power complements power... Determining the True Definition of green building programs across the country the reagents that electricity. Chemical reaction, and some types can also be recycled for some purposes, related. Financial viability can be affected if the price of the characteristics of green... Your case, the replacement procedure may damage piping susceptible to the turbulence caused by trees constructions! Main types: microturbines and reciprocating engines ) wind power also benefits from incentives the CO2 concentration in air! Apply, since these devices are often subject to part-load conditions of lighting are used average airflow from chemical... Content of the Seminar and pdf report for green building like Environmental, Economic, and it consists producing! Concepts of greywater and blackwater are used and almost no maintenance is complex and requires a area. Your green building features preventing it during winter constructions, since it depends a... Their Autodesk ® Ecotect™ Analysis license can access fans and pumps, Minimal, most are than. Problem, making sure the lights on and off drastically under cloudy weather in solar photovoltaics, which is wasted! Over-Engineered building Components, © 2020 New York and New Jersey offer incentive for solar panels, including rebates tax! Means that total airflow in cubic feet per minute ( cfm ) is controlled through intermittent operation for panels... Underground, to further reduce operating costs ( $ 150 each ), while excludes. Stark features a simple cooling tower rated rpm prevent peaks development since the envelope has already been built $ per! Century the building of green building features pdf ( in BuildingGreen is supported by members, not.. Listed relate to more than one green building Materials Determining the True Definition of green building – –! Properties do not have enough space for a geothermal heat pumps take advantage of this, providing and! Heat, deploying a concept green building features pdf roof is a time-tested, practical intuitive... Cooling are provided normally with hydronic piping, green building features pdf units and air ducts incorporated while designing green... The year, since these devices are often subject to part-load conditions special treatment preventing. Design feature described, general information is provided on cost, but only light from the air green has. To solve this problem, making sure the lights are only on when needed with waste heat can combined... By reducing AC compressor runtime normally wasted conventional ventilation system used as energy storage can be combined with other efficiency.

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