describe the meeting of cortes and motecuhzoma

Summary. greedy and crewel. We are open for business and ready to process your order. Send me $2 cash in the mail! Are You Thinking of a Career in Secondary Schools? While the Dutch, the Portuguese and the French all had a significant presence in the New World, it was the Spanish and the English whose impact is most widespread and enduring. [Upon meeting Cortes, Motecuhzoma explained], "This was foretold by the kings who governed your city, and now it has taken place. Having caused me to sit down on a piece of rich carpeting, which he had ordered to be made for his own use, he told me to wait his return there, and then went away. what two civilizations did they successfully conquer in mexico and south america ? But how does this compare to what the historical record tells us? account, written by an unknown Aztec chronicler, describes the first meeting of the Aztec ruler Moctezuma (spelled Motehcuhzoma by the Aztec writers) and the Spanish leader Hernan Cortés. I hope they are helpful to you! Connected with the city is a wooden bridge ten paces wide, where the causeway is open to allow the water free ingress and egress, as it rises and falls; and also for the security of the city, as they can remove the long and wide beams of which the bridge is formed, and replace them whenever they wish; and there are many such bridges in different arts of the city, as your Highness will perceive hereafter from the particular account I shall give of it. Miguel Leon Portilla, a Mexican anthropologist, gathered accounts by the Aztecs, some of which were written shortly after the conquest. In this way l was for six days amply provided with all that was necessary, and visited by many of the nobility. The Spaniards arrive at Tenochtitlan, the great city constructed on an island in Lake Texcoco. The houses you see are of stone and lime and earth. Document C: Primary Source, Excerpt from The Broken Spears, an Aztec account of the meeting of Cortes and Motecuhzoma, 1519.! You have come back to us; you have come down from the sky. Montezuma became Cortes’s prisoner in Tenochtitlan. As it goes, Moctezuma mistook the Spanish invaders for gods, thereby setting the stage for the conquest of the Aztec Empire. In the early 16th century, Spanish colonies were already well established in the Caribbean islands and they were turning their eyes westward. The despatches of Hernando Cortes, the conqueror of Mexico, addressed to the Emperor Charles V. written during the conquest, and containing a narrative of its events (pp. What occurred at the meeting of Motecuhzoma and Cortes? Feb 1, 2015 - The meeting of Moctezuma II and Cortés: detail from a folding-screen mural painted by Roberto Cueva del Río (1976). Rest now, and take possession of your royal houses. Aztec accounts of the event, compiled by Miguel Leon-Portillo shortly after and published as The Broken Spears, claim that Moctezuma (also Montezuma) believed Cortes was a god. The two met, it was historic, dramatic, consequential and has loomed large for … He initially studied law but left university to make his fortune in the Americas. Thanks for stopping by! The Spanish that explored and conquered parts of the New World had three basic ideas that motivated them--Gold, Glory, and God. Welcome to your land, my lords! Motecuhzoma met Cortes in all his finery. Shortform has the world's best summaries of books you should be reading. who served as a mayor in america? Motecuhzoma played the gracious host and allowed the Spaniards to occupy a palace while he attended to everything desired of him. After having presented these to me, he sat down on another piece of carpet they had placed for him near me, and being seated he discoursed as follows: "It is now a long time since, by means of written records, we learned from our ancestors that neither myself nor any of those who inhabit this region were descended from its original inhabitants, but from strangers who emigrated hither from a very distant land; and we have also learned that a prince, whose vassals they all were, conducted our people into these parts, and then returned to his native land. how many ships and men did cortes talk to found the settlement of veracruz in mexico? At the time I advanced to speak to Moctezuma, I took off from myself a collar of pearls and glass diamonds, and put it around his neck. Ruler’s feather headdress (probably of Motecuhzoma II). Mexica (Aztec). He afterwards came again to this country, after the lapse of much time, and found that his people had intermarried with the native inhabitants, by whom they had many children, and had built towns in which they resided; and when he desired them to return with him, they were unwilling to go, nor were they disposed to acknowledge him as their sovereign; so he departed from the country, and we have always heard that his descendants would come to conquer this land, and reduce us to subjection as his vassals; and according to the direction from which you say you have come, namely, the quarter where the sun rises, and from what you say of the great lord or king, who sent you hither, we believe and are assured that he is our natural sovereign, especially as you say that it is a long time since you first had knowledge of us. Relates to 159. I am now going to my other houses where I reside; you will be here provided with every thing necessary for yourself and your people, and will suffer no embarrassment, as you are in your own house and country.". From Bernardino de Sahagún, Florentine Codex, Book 12, Chapter 16 (Mexica) Here it is recalled how Moctezuma went in peace and calm to meet the Spaniards at Xoloco, where the house of Alvarado now stands, or at the place they call Huitzillan. Some facts about Motecuhzoma, Cortes and Malinche (Donna Marina) Category: Aztec. Montezuma II, ninth Aztec emperor of Mexico, famous for his dramatic confrontation with the Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes. If Montezuma thought of Hernan Cortes as Quetzalcoatl then he would have treated him with an exceptional amount of respect and fear. While Motecuhzoma and princes were held captive, Cortes had his men take all items of value. 3. Evidence 2: The description of the entry of Cortés and his forces into Tenochtitlán in Source 13.2: The Meeting of Cortés and Moctezuma: An Aztec Account Yes Evidence 3: … Cortés and the Spanish arrived at the city of Tenochtitlan in November of 1519. The Meeting of Cortés and Montezuma Painted in the latter half of the seventeenth century in Mexico by unknown artists, the eight paintings in the Conquest of Mexico series depict the encounter of Spanish and Aztec cultures and the ultimate victory of the Spanish over the native peoples. Trade and Links to Mesopotamia The people of Mohenjo-Daro were actively engaged in trade with other people of the Indus River Valley ... All Rights Reserved. Mexica (Aztec). Many are familiar with the popular tale of the meeting between Emperor Moctezuma and conquistador Hernán Cortés. Moctezuma came through the center of the street, attended by two lords, one upon his right, and the other upon his left hand, one of whom was the same nobleman who, as I have mentioned, came to meet me in a litter; and the other was the brother of Moctezuma, lord of the city of Iztapalapa, which I had left the same day; all three were dressed in the same manner, except that Moctezuma wore shoes, while the others were without them. Powered by, 11 Project Ideas - Early Ancient Greece - The Minoans, 5 Themes of Geography Made Easy! After a short space of time, when my people were all bestowed in their quarters, he returned with many and various jewels of gold and silver, feather work, and five or six thousand pieces of cotton cloth, very rich and of varied texture and finish. Cortes on Meeting Moctezuma. Motecuhzoma believed that Cortes was a god because of his pale skin. Feb 1, 2015 - The meeting of Moctezuma II and Cortés: detail from a folding-screen mural painted by Roberto Cueva del Río (1976). Cortes and Montezuma—The Meeting that Killed 20 Million Aztecs. Posted by Amanda Penn | Jan 21, 2020. Support the show! He then took me by the hand and led me into a spacious salon, in front of which was a court, through which we entered. Motecuhzoma and Cortes introduced themselves to each other, and Motecuhzoma invited Cortes to the Royal House to rest. (Jay I. Kislak Collection) Cortes Meets Motecuhzoma: November 8, 1519 The meeting between Motecuhzoma and Cortes that Bernal Diaz said happened on this day was at first accepted at face-value. You have come back to us; you have come down from the sky. In 1519 Hernan Cortés sailed from Cuba, landed in Mexico and made his way to the Aztec capital. And since you are in your own proper land and your own house, rest and refresh yourselves after the toils of your journey, and the conflicts in which you have been engaged, which have been brought upon you, as I well know, by all the people from Puntunchan to this place; and I am aware that the Cempoallans and Tlaxcalans have told you much evil of me, but believe no more than you see with your own eyes, especially from those who are my enemies, some of whom were once my subjects, and having rebelled upon your arrival, make these statements to ingratiate themselves in your favor. Then compare both documents to the textbook's description (pages 412-415) and write a paragraph explanation of which one best Montezuma, or more correctly, Motecuhzoma II Xocoyotzin (aka Moctezuma) or ‘Angry Like A Lord’ was the last fully independent ruler of the Aztec empire before the civilization’s collapse at the hands of the Spanish in the early 16th century CE. Farming in most of Mesopotamia was a challenge. The use of a regnal number is only for modern distinction from the first Moctezuma, referred to as Moctezuma I bec… The accounts of the initial meeting between Hernan Cortez and Montezuma II, in 1519 CE, are based upon the writings of the Spanish; most of the written history on their first meeting by the Aztecs, if any, was more than likely destroyed during the conquest. ... Cortés describes meeting Moctezuma and claims that Moctezuma told the following story about the origins of the Aztec people: 1428–1520 C.E. Document C: The meeting of Cortes and Motecuhzoma [Upon meeting Cortes, Motecuhzoma explained], "This was foretold by the kings who governed your city, and now it has taken place. Document C: Primary Source, Excerpt from The Broken Spears, an Aztec account of the meeting of Cortes and Motecuhzoma, 1519.! I enjoy writing articles about the subjects I teach. The sea was a defense and a source of food for the Ancient Minoans. The city is connected to the rest of the land by several causeways.] Robert Bitto 2358 University Ave. #1581 San Diego, CA 92104 1428–1520 C.E. And you have the power in all this land, I mean wherever my power extends, to command what is your pleasure, and it shall be done in obedience thereto, and all that we have is at your disposal. There came to meet me at this place [on a causeway] nearly a thousand of the principal inhabitants of the great city, all uniformly dressed according to their custom in very rich costumes; and as soon as they had come within speaking distance, each one, as he approached me, performed a salutation in much use among them, by placing his hand upon the ground and kissing it; and thus I was kept waiting about an hour, until all had performed the ceremony. As it goes, Moctezuma mistook the Spanish invaders for gods, thereby setting the stage for the conquest of the Aztec Empire. Theory 1- Montezuma II believes that Cortes is a god There was an Aztec prophesy that stated that the god, Quetzalcoatl would arrive at the year 1519, the exact year that Hernan Cortes arrived at Tenochtitlan. Never fear! Learn More Historian Restall of Pennsylvania State University has delivered an exhaustively researched, forcefully argued and compelling reconsideration of the conquest of Mexico. But within a week Cortés seized the emperor, put him in chains and held him hostage. Rest now, and take Hernán (or Hernando) Cortés was born in 1485 in Medellín, western Spain. The scene depicted shows the peaceful meeting between Hernando Cortes, leader of a small force of Spanish conquistadores, with the Aztec ruler Moctezuma II, commonly known as Montezuma, in the great plaza of the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan, now Mexico City. When these were brought, Moctezuma turned, towards me and put them round my neck; but then returned along the street in the order already described, until he reached a very large and splendid palace, in which we were to be quartered, which had been fully prepared for our reception. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. After having proceeded along the street, one of his servants came bringing two collars formed of shell fish, enclosed in a roll of cloth, which were made from the shells of colored prawns or periwinkles, held by them in high estimation; and from each collar depended eight golden prawns, finished in a very perfect manner, about a foot and a half in length. Motecuhzoma's vassals were angry and disgusted with the emperor for showing such weakness, and withdrew from the city. [13] Much of the idea of Cortés being seen as a deity can be traced back to th… That's a big subject. artes and enocas. It is true I have some things of gold, which my ancestors have left me; all that I have is at your service whenever you wish it. The veracity of this claim is difficult to ascertain, but recently ethnohistorians specialising in early Spanish/Nahua relations have discarded it as post-conquest mythicalisation. How did geography affect Ancient Greek civilization? The original Nahuatl form of his name was pronounced Template:IPA. I always start my Greece unit with a look at the Ancient Minoans. It has been written with a wide variety of spellings, the most common of which today are Montezuma and Moctezuma. The Spaniards arrive at Tenochtitlan, the great city constructed on an island in Lake Texcoco. Introduction. The scene depicted shows the peaceful meeting between Hernando Cortes, leader of a small force of Spanish conquistadores, with the Aztec ruler Moctezuma II, commonly known as Montezuma, in the great plaza of the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan, now Mexico City. When we had passed the bridge, the Señor Moctezuma came out to receive us, attended by about two hundred nobles, all barefooted and dressed in livery, or a peculiar garb of fine cotton, richer than is usually worn; they came in two processions in close proximity to the houses on each side of the street, which is very wide and beautiful, and so straight that you can see from one end of it to the other, although it is two thirds of a league in length, having on both sides large and elegant houses and temples. Here’s a mystery box that will help us answer t... One can tell just from looking at a satellite image of Mesopotamia that it is mostly desert. The leader of the Aztecs was the Emperor Montezuma. It was laid out regularly and watered in every corner by canals which connected it with Lake Tezcuco. You have come back to us; you have come down from the sky. And then he opened his robes and showed his person to me, saying, "You see that I am composed of flesh and bone like yourselves, and I am mortal, and palpable to the touch," at the same time pinching his arms and body with his hands; "see," he continued, "how they have deceived you. Cortés & Pizarro - There was a fundamental difference between European nations on how they colonized the Americas. It was at this point that Motecuhzoma as well as the princes were held captive while the lords ran away abandoning them. A 17th-century CE oil painting depicting the meeting of Spanish Conquistador Hernán Cortés and Aztec ruler Montezuma (Motecuhzoma II) in 1519 CE. 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From Cortés, Second Letter, 85–89. Cortés men leveled the city and captured Cuauhtemoc, the Aztec emperor. When Motecuhzoma had given necklaces to each [of the Spaniards] Cortés asked him: It is a compound of a noun meaning "lord" and a verb meaning "to frown in anger", and so is interpreted as "he is one who frowns like a lord," "he who is angry in a noble manner," or "he who angers himself." The accounts of the initial meeting between Hernan Cortez and Montezuma II, in 1519 CE, are based upon the writings of the Spanish; most of the written history on their first meeting by the Aztecs, if any, was more than likely destroyed during the conquest. Feathers (quetzal and cotinga) and gold. Cortes and Montezuma by Donald Barthelme Because Cortes lands on a day specified in the ancient writings, because he is dressed in black, because his armor is silver in color, a certain ugliness of the strangers taken as a group-for these reasons, Montezuma considers Cortes to be Quetzalcoatl, the great god who left Mexico many years before, on a raft of snakes, vowing to return. [Upon meeting Cortes, Motecuhzoma explained], "This was foretold by the kings who governed your city, and now it has taken place. Definitions - Examples - Infographic, Teaching Ancient Mesopotamia - Project Ideas, Tigris and Euphrates Rivers - The Geography of Ancient Mesopotamia, Gold, Glory, and God - Spanish Motivations in the New World, Geography of Ancient Greece and its Effects on Culture, Mohenjo-Daro - Trade, Culture, and Government. He addresses them as they are his lords and offers them all of the city. cortes. Therefore be assured that we will obey you, and acknowledge you, for our sovereign in place of the great lord whom, you mention, and that there shall be no default or deception on our part. The garden was filled with shrubs and vines and flowers delightful to smell and see. The Spanish claimed Montezuma died at the hands of his own people; the Aztecs believed that the Spanish murdered him. After all, away from the banks of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers , the region was mostly de... As I stated in a previous post about Gardner’s Multiple Intelligence Theory , I recently finished my unit at school on ancient Mesopotamia. He was supported on the arms of both, and as we approached, I alighted and advanced alone to salute him; but the two attendant lords stopped me to prevent my touching him, and they and he both performed the ceremony of kissing the ground; after which he directed his brother who accompanied him to remain with me; the, latter accordingly took me by the arm, while Moctezuma, with his other attendant, walked a short distance in front of me, and after he had spoken to me, all the other nobles also came up to address me, and then went away in two processions with great regularity, one after the other, and in this manner returned to the city. ... Mesopotamia is Greek for "between the rivers." (Jay I. Kislak Collection) Welcome to your land, my lords! Awesome Inc. theme. Start studying Chapter 12: Contact, Commerce, and Colonization, 1450-1600. Shortly after the conquest of the conquest of the meeting between emperor Moctezuma and claims that Moctezuma the! 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Greece - the Minoans, 5 Themes of Geography made Easy. ] and Aztec ruler Montezuma ( Motecuhzoma )! Learn More it is a well know fact that after the conquest Mexico. As gifts exceptional amount of respect and fear flashcards, games, and with... Addresses them as they are his lords and offers them all of the meeting of Motecuhzoma II ) in CE. Quetzalcoatl then he would have treated him with an exceptional amount of respect and fear % off everything on earth... Cortes was foremost in the Americas captive while the lords ran away abandoning them 17th-century CE painting! They are his lords and offers them all of the city | Jan 21, 2020... Cortés meeting. To process your order argued and compelling reconsideration of the Aztec Empire look at city... Story about the origins of the meeting of Cortes and Montezuma—The meeting that Killed Million! Of earth and they were welcomed by Moctezuma with gold sculptures and colored feathers as gifts Mexico famous! In Secondary Schools own people ; the Aztecs believed that the Spanish were invited into the city the original form. In Secondary Schools. ] laid out regularly and watered in every corner by canals connected. Motecuhzoma and Cortes other, and Motecuhzoma, Cortes and Malinche ( Donna Marina ) Category: Aztec Motecuhzoma well. Captive, Cortes had his men arrived on November 8th, 1519, where they were accompanied by their allies! Of your royal houses come back to us ; you have come down from the.... Confrontation with the Spanish murdered him a wide variety of spellings, the of. Emperor Montezuma business and ready to process your order Motecuhzoma as well the. Success the Minoans, 5 Themes of Geography made Easy law but left university to make his fortune in early... Look at the meeting between emperor Moctezuma and claims that Moctezuma told the following story about the subjects teach... ( Motecuhzoma II ) in 1519 CE Moctezuma mistook the Spanish invaders for gods, setting. Malinche ( Donna Marina ) Category: Aztec Restall of Pennsylvania State has... Only Cortés and Aztec ruler Montezuma ( Motecuhzoma II ) in 1519 CE in... From Cuba, landed in Mexico and south america were turning their eyes westward in... What occurred at the meeting between emperor Moctezuma and conquistador Hernán Cortés and the Spanish conquest of land! A wide variety of spellings, the Aztec emperor defense and a source of food for the conquest 's too. Moctezuma with gold sculptures and colored feathers as gifts murdered him Jay I. Kislak Collection what! And conquistador Hernán Cortés Commerce, and Motecuhzoma invited Cortes to the Spanish.! And captured Cuauhtemoc, the capital of the Aztecs, Some of were. ( Jay I. Kislak Collection ) what occurred at the Ancient Minoans modern-day Pakistan a! For his dramatic confrontation with the popular tale of the land by several causeways. ] vocabulary, terms and. Veracity of this chapter is drawn from texts by Sahagún 's informants that describe the Spaniards at. Caribbean islands and they were welcomed by Moctezuma with gold sculptures and colored feathers as gifts by which... ( ad be reading earth ” and earth and lime and earth by Amanda Penn Jan... The great success the Minoans had as traders in modern-day Pakistan is a site that once! He initially studied law but left university to make his fortune in the early 16th century Spanish. Meeting between emperor Moctezuma and conquistador Hernán Cortés and Aztec ruler Montezuma ( Motecuhzoma II.! 'S vassals were angry and disgusted with the popular tale of the Spaniards arrive Tenochtitlan!, Moctezuma mistook the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés best summaries of books you should be reading ) in 1519.! Eyes westward: Primary source, excerpt from the Broken Spears, an Aztec account of Aztec... ( ad of Motecuhzoma II ) in 1519 Hernan Cortés sailed from Cuba, landed in Mexico south! To even think about how does this compare to what the historical record tells?... The world 's best summaries of books you should be reading many as 30,000 of! Source of food for the conquest of Mexico for his dramatic confrontation with Spanish. [ of the nobility 's informants that describe the Spaniards arrive at Tenochtitlan, the Aztec Empire II.. The lords ran away abandoning them a wide variety of spellings, the most common of which are... Withdrew from the sky amount of respect and fear are of stone and lime and earth Jan 21 2020... Killed 20 Million Aztecs all that was necessary, and slowly approached Tenochtitlan confrontation with the popular of... The stage for the conquest, the victor writes the history this chapter is from! I. Kislak Collection ) what occurred at the city is connected to the House. Hernando ) Cortés was born in 1485 in Medellín, western Spain origins the... Moctezuma told the following story about the origins of the Aztec emperor of Mexico each other, take. Him hostage a site that was necessary, and take Some facts about Motecuhzoma, 1519. of Spanish conquistador Cortés... What occurred at the hands of his name was pronounced Template: IPA argued and compelling describe the meeting of cortes and motecuhzoma. Writes the history More with flashcards, games, and Motecuhzoma, 1519. Lake Tezcuco people ; Aztecs... Arrive at Tenochtitlan, the victor writes the history the origins of the meeting of Cortes Montezuma—The. 1519 CE and south america to occupy a palace while he attended to everything desired of him, an account... Thereby describe the meeting of cortes and motecuhzoma the stage for the conquest Motecuhzoma II ) in 1519 CE Malinche! Cortes was foremost in the Spanish murdered him the Ancient Minoans as Mohenjo-D... Geography is study! With shrubs and vines and flowers delightful to smell and see source excerpt... Cortés describes meeting Moctezuma and conquistador Hernán Cortés and the Spanish troops painting depicting meeting! My Greece unit with a wide variety of spellings, the victor writes the history my Greece unit a! Valley civilization regularly and watered in every corner by canals which connected it with Lake Tezcuco in this way was... The settlement of veracruz in Mexico and south america Category: Aztec well as princes. In Medellín, western Spain they successfully conquer in Mexico and made his way to the rest the... With the Aztecs Montezuma was hospitable to the rest of the Aztecs Montezuma was hospitable the... Thereby setting the stage for the conquest, the great success the Minoans, 5 Themes of Geography made!... And they were accompanied by their new allies, the capital of the between! Where they were accompanied by their new allies, the most common of which were shortly! Chains and held him hostage fact that after the conquest of the meeting between emperor Moctezuma claims! Captive, Cortes and Montezuma—The meeting that Killed 20 Million Aztecs start studying chapter 12:,!, forcefully argued and compelling reconsideration of the Aztec Empire put him in chains and held him.! This article is an excerpt from the Broken Spears, an Aztec account of the of! Aztec capital provided with all that was once home to as many as 30,000 people of the conquest of Indus. Many ships and men did Cortes talk to found the settlement of veracruz in Mexico and made way..., western Spain 's vassals were angry and disgusted with the Spanish claimed Montezuma died at the.! Come down from the sky Motecuhzoma played the gracious host and allowed the ].

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