Winslow returned to the United States a hero and received a promotion to commodore; Semmes made his way back to the Confederacy and was promoted to rear admiral. The U.S. Navy tried in vain to track him down — at one point at least a dozen warships were searching for him — but Semmes was illusive, never staying long in one area. The Civil War’s Classic Ship-to-Ship Duel. CSS Alabama vs. USS Kearsarge - Cherbourg 1864 MINT/New. The shot cut part of the chain armor and dented the wooden planking underneath. The reader will be mesmerized by the highlights of the June 1864 battle between Kearsarge and the Confederate commerce raider Alabama, six miles off the French port of Cherbourg in international waters. Colorful Confederate privateer Raphael Semmes met his match in Onion Captain John Winslow. The quality of Alabama’s shells proved an even greater defense than Kearsarge’s chain mail armor. 1; 2; 3; Next. He seemed to have disappeared from the face of the Earth, until he re-emerged in the Sunda Strait between Java and Sumatra and carried the Confederate flag into the South China Sea. CSS Alabama Vs USS Kearsarge: Cherbourg 1864 Mark Lardas. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Official U.S. Navy Photograph. Kearsarge and Alabama made seven spiraling circles around each other, moving southwest in a 3-knot (5.6 km/h; 3.5 mph) current. For many years after the battle, Confederate Captain Semmes stated that he would never have chosen to test USS Kearsarge had he known of her armor-clad protection. Donations to the Trust are tax deductible to the full extent allowable under the law. The poor quality of the CSS Alabama's powder and shells prevented her from seriously damaging her opponent. Kearsarge had a form of makeshift armor-cladding, medium-weight chain cable triced in tiers along her port and starboard midsections, basically acting as the equivalent of chain mail for vulnerable sections of her hull, where shot could potentially penetrate and hit her boilers or steam engine. Badly in need of a refit, she put into Cherbourg, France, on 11 June. Joined Mar 31, 2012 Location Central Ohio. But Winslow’s Kearsarge was not demonstrably more powerful than his Alabama, and a victory off the coast of France might have a beneficial impact on the French attitude toward the Confederacy. The battle continued in this manner for several minutes; in the meantime, on the French coast, hundreds watched the battle. Search six million images spanning more than 25,000 years of world history, from before the Stone Age to the dawn of the Space Age and find the perfect picture for your project from Granger. She had already chalked up 5 very successful commerce raiding missions during her two years at sea. CSS Alabama vs USS Kearsarge; Tweet. The most successful and feared Confederate commerce raider of the war, the CSS Alabama, sinks after a spectacular battle off the coast of France with the USS Kearsarge… 263. The most famous of these, a massive work exhibited at the 1876 Centennial Exposition, is in the collection of the Union League of Philadelphia. The gunnery of USS Kearsarge was reportedly more accurate than that of the Confederates. Having nearly had his bow crossed, Winslow intended to turn the tables and cross the enemy’s stern. The Confederate Navy vessel was crewed by about 170 men and armed with six 32-pounder (15 kg) cannon, mounted broadside, three guns per side, and two heavy pivot guns, mount… Instead of delivering the captured Confederates to Kearsarge, Deerhound set a course for Southampton, thus enabling Captain Semmes' escape. During the course of the American Civil War, three single ship actions were fought between Union cruisers and Confederate raiders: CSS Florida vs. USS Wachusett, CSS Alabama vs. USS Hatteras, and CSS Alabama vs. USS Kearsarge. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. USS Kearsarge vs. CSS Alabama. Semmes' Sumter was also a … The battle was commemorated in the sea shanty "Roll, Alabama, Roll". Compiled from numerous first-hand accounts as well as archeological evidence, it covers the three famous battles of the commerce raiders, CSS Florida vs. USS Wachusett, CSS Alabama vs. USS Hatteras, and CSS Alabama vs. USS Kearsarge, analyzing the strengths and weakness of each of the combatants. After nearly two years of highly successful cruising at the expense of the United States' commercial shipping, CSS Alabama returned to European waters in early June 1864. Instead, she made her way to the Portuguese Azores, where she took on a battery of guns, an international crew and a handful of Confederate naval officers. The cornet suddenly appeared at the fore, and a gun was fired. See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. I do think the action that followed, sinking U.S.S. Kearsarge is on the left, with Alabama in the right distance. Mark F. Jenkins Colonel. Not having witnessed the battle himself, Manet relied on press descriptions of the fight to document his work. Courtesy of the Franklin D. Roosevelt Library, Hyde Park, New York. But when she came into Cherbourg for repairs she was caught by the Kearsarge. If you want higher resolution reproductions than the digital images presented here, see: "How to Obtain Photographic Reproductions." She sent a dispatch to the USS St. Louise, requesting she assist in the blockade, but it was too late. The Kearsarge finally caught up with the Alabama on June 14. Kearsarge's armor cladding sustained two hits during the engagement. Save 40 Acres of the American Revolution Southern Theater, Kentuckians: Support Battlefield Preservation Legislation, Virginians: Support Battlefield Preservation Legislation, Preservation Groups Offer Roadmap to Scale Solar Energy and Protect Historic Resources, Save 36 Acres of Hallowed Ground at Two Virginia Taverns, Seven Score and 17 Years After Lincoln Gave His Iconic Address at Gettysburg, Augmented Reality App Lets Him Give It Anywhere, Combined Federal Campaign and State Charitable Campaigns, Watch Exclusive Videos on our YouTube Channel. The Duel Between The "Alabama" And The "Kearsarge" by John M. Browne, Surgeon Of The "Kearsarge" "For God's sake, do what you can to save them!" His executive officer, First Lieutenant John M. Kell, is in the background, standing by the ship's wheel. , The first shell, a 32-pounder, struck within the starboard gangway. Share with: Link: Copy link. 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