Between 1976 and 1980, about 830 t (820 long tons; 910 short tons) raw ivory was exported from Africa to Hong Kong and Japan, equivalent to tusks of about 222,000 African elephants. Histoire Naturelle des Mammifères, avec des Figures originale, dessinées d'après des Animaux vivans; &c. Par MM. Indian elephant - Native to mainland Asia, the Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) is one of … Elephant, largest living land animal, characterized by its long trunk, columnar legs, and huge head with temporal glands and wide, flat ears. Previously, export had been allowed in Southern Africa with Zimbabwe capturing and exporting more than 100 baby elephants to Chinese zoos since 2012. Koshik, an Asian elephant, can mimic Korean words like choah (good), aniya (no), anja (sit down), nuo (lie down), annyong (hello). Elephant vs Rhino-Interesting Facts-The tusk of an elephant is in actual fact incisors that grow throughout the elephants life. [a] The animal is believed to evoke strength, royal legacy, and enduring memory as related by the proverbs: "There where the elephant passes in the forest, one knows" and "The animal steps on the ground, but the elephant steps down with strength. The illegal demand for ivory is the biggest driver of elephant poaching. , In 2005, the West African Elephant Memorandum of Understanding was signed by 12 West African countries. The African elephant belongs to the genus Loxodonta and it comprises two extant species:- the African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana) and the African forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis). Growing an average of 7 inches per year. The trunk is an extension of the upper lip and nose and is used for communication and handling objects, including food. Learn more about the African elephant, as well as the threats this species faces, what WWF is doing to protect its future, and how you can help. Post sexual maturity, males begin to experience musth, a physical and behavioral condition that is characterized by elevated testosterone, aggression and more sexual activity. Tens of thousands of elephants are being killed every year for their ivory tusks. , African elephants are distributed in Sub-Saharan Africa, where they inhabit Sahelian scrubland and arid regions, tropical rainforests, mopane and miombo woodlands. However, conservative estimates were that 23,000 African elephants were killed by poachers in 2013 and less than 20% of the African elephant range was under formal protection. Many elephants are also the victims of retaliatory attacks after they venture into human settlement and farm areas. Ways to say elephant; Afrikaans: olifant Edit: Amharic: ዝሆን Edit: Chichewa: njovu Edit: Hausa: giwa Edit: Igbo: elephant Edit: Kinyarwanda: inzovu Edit: Sesotho: tlou Edit: Shona: nzou Edit: Somali: maroodiga Edit: Swahili: tembo Edit: Xhosa: Indlovu Edit: Yoruba: erin Edit: Zulu: indlovu Edit Look at the ears and tusks to tell them apart: Asian elephants have smaller ears, and while African male and female elephants both have tusks, Asian female elephants do not. So the correct answer would be "the elephant has thousands of muscles in the trunk". It has slender, downward-pointing tusks. Brown; Grey; Skin Type Leather Top Speed 24 mph Lifespan 60 - 70 years Weight 900kg - 3,000kg (1,984lbs - 6,613lbs) Height 2m - 3m (6.6ft - 9.8ft) Age of Sexual … Both species are listed as Vulnerable species on the IUCN Red List since 2004, and are threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation. Because of this muscular structure, the trunk is so strong that elephants can use it for lifting about 3% of their own body weight. Researchers claim that he can imitate these words with the help of his trunk. McNair Asian Elephant Habitat. Louisville Zoo Baby Elephant Names. In recent years, growing demand for ivory, particularly from Asia, has led to a surge in poaching.  Wild males begin breeding in their thirties when they are at a size and weight that is competitive with other adult males. Name African Elephant or African Bush Elephant [Loxodonta africana] Introduction The Elephant is the world's largest land mammal, and weighs up to 7 tonnes and reaches heights of 3.3 m at the shoulder.Elephants can live to a potential age of 70 years. During the middle of estrus, female elephants look for males in musth to guard them. Tusks, which are large modified incisors that grow throughout an elephant's lifetime, occur in both males and females and are used in fights and for marking, feeding, and digging. The hind limbs are shorter than the fore-limbs. WWF also develops and supports community-based wildlife management plans that contribute to elephant conservation while providing benefits to local people. Group Mammal.  Anonymous was recognized as authority by the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature in 1999. African bush elephants are the larger of the two and their tusks curve out, while their forest-dwelling cousins are darker and have tusks that are straighter and that point downward. Children from one country to another experience vastly different rites of passage, upbringing, and tradition. The hind limbs are shorter than the fore-limbs. African Forest Elephant Loxodonta cyclotis (Matschie 1900) collect.  Make a symbolic animal adoption to help save some of the world's most endangered animals from extinction and support WWF's conservation efforts. No reasonable doubt that the last individual has died, Known only to survive in cultivation, in captivity or as a naturalised population, Facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the Wild, Facing a high risk of extinction in the Wild, Likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future, Does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable, or Near Threatened. The names of the other elephants at Reid Park Zoo also have ties to their native land in Africa. The zoo also has an elephant exhibit, so we’ve recommended a name you can take inspiration from. New Names to the African Name Web Site. elephant tamer ... has its origins in the Sanskrit ... rarely used as a baby name for boys ... Gajanana. Elephant wall at Ruwanwelisaya, Sri Lanka (Credit: JTB Photo/UIG via Getty Images) Another famed ancient elephant was…  African forest elephant groups are less cohesive than African bush elephant groups, probably because of the lack of predators. After puberty, male elephants tend to form close alliances with other males.  Its back is concave-shaped, while the back of the African forest elephant is nearly straight. African elephants are a keystone species, meaning they play a critical role in their ecosystem.Also known as "ecosystem engineers," elephants shape their habitat in many ways. But loss of life can occur on both sides, as people may be trampled while trying to protect their livelihoods, and game guards often shoot "problem" elephants. African forest elephants occur only in Central Africa. —Kenya (Agikuyu) Enjoy these names for animals and creatures.If you don’t discover a name that you like, our site does have a list of names for dogs.. To reduce the illegal killing of elephants through improved protection and management, WWF equips and trains law enforcement teams so they can conduct regular and effective antipoaching patrols.  The elephant is symbolically important to the nation of Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire); the Coat of arms of Ivory Coast features an elephant head escutcheon as its focal point. Modern elephants evolved in Africa for African conditions, The Savannah elephant or African Elephant that we see today evolved from a much smaller ancestor, that lived in wet marsh conditions 35 million years ago, to the massive robust species adapted to life in the dry, open Savannah and harsh African conditions. " Their flag depicted an elephant wearing a royal crown. Namibia to sell 170 wild elephants because ‘they threaten humans’ Voices. Mechen - Boy or Girl - Meaning Tears, Bassa, Liberia . Livraison 52 et 53", "Geographische Abarten des Afrikanischen Elefanten". Anonymous was recognized as authority by the In… To reduce the illegal trade in elephant products, WWF supports antipoaching efforts within and around protected areas. Less than a third of the population of female elephants will be in estrus at any given time and gestation period of an elephant is long, so it makes more evolutionary sense for a male to search for as many females as possible rather than stay with one group. This allows smaller animals to access water in drier times.  The tallest recorded individual stood 4.21 m (13.8 ft) at the shoulder and weighed 8,000 kg (18,000 lb). The African Forest Elephant is the one of the largest known land mammals on Earth, with male African Forest Elephants reaching nearly 3 metres in height and the female African Forest Elephants around 2.5 metres. , Both male and female African elephants have tusks that grow from deciduous teeth called tushes, which are replaced by tusks when calves are about one year old. African elephants also dig holes to expose underground springs. Female African elephants are able to start reproducing at around 10 to 12 years of age, and are in estrus for about 2 to 7 days. In 1989, only 608,000 African elephants were estimated to have survived. The distinctive ears serve several functions, including their most obvious function forming a large surface to intercept distant or faint sounds.  It is the third largest terrestrial animal. 1250 24th Street, N.W. If you don’t discover a name you like, please review the 5,508 names in The African Book of Names or try our African Name Generator. The African elephant is the largest animal walking the Earth.  Fermentation of the food takes place in the hindgut, thus enabling large food intakes. Playback of the recorded sounds of angry honey bees has been found to be remarkably effective at prompting elephants to flee an area. They are found most often in the savannas, grasslands, and forests of Africa and Asia.  Most observed matings are by males in musth over 35 years of age. African elephants have two opposing extensions at the end of their trunks, in contrast to the Asian elephant, which only has one. Between the late 18th and 20th centuries, the following extinct African elephants were described on the basis of fossil remains: Analysis of nuclear DNA sequences indicates that the genetic divergence between African bush and forest elephants dates 2.6 – 5.6 million years ago. Junior. 5 Best Elephant Sanctuary to Visit in Africa. Despite a ban on the international trade in ivory, African elephants are still being poached in large numbers. Loxodonta africana. Much like The African Book of Names, AfrikanNames.com takes a unique approach to names by focusing on meaning while still working to maintain the integrity of sound, region, and … With a mass of just over 5 kg (11 lb), the elephant brain is larger than that of any other terrestrial animal. All of these push elephants into smaller islands of protected areas and hinder elephants’ freedom to roam. African elephants are the largest mammals on land. During the 10th century AD, the people of Igbo-Ukwu, near the Niger Delta, buried their leaders with elephant tusks.. The enamel plates of the molars are fewer in number than in Asian elephants. The carrying capacity of remaining suitable habitats was estimated at 8,985,000 elephants at most by 1987.  It is also praised for its size, longevity, stamina, mental faculties, cooperative spirit, and loyalty. Baby Names; Unisex Names; African Unisex Names If you are expecting a unisex then you definitely need a beautiful name. Poaching affects their population Tusks are exploited for ivory They also live in the sea Ears also aid in cooling their bodies Their trunks are also used for smelling and digging for food. Elephants are the heaviest land animal and the second tallest land animal on earth. Commercial logging, plantations for biofuels and extractive industries like logging and mining not only destroy habitat but also open access to remote elephant forests for poachers.  All point to a highly intelligent species that is thought to be equal with cetaceans and primates. Numbering three to five million in the last century, African elephant populations were severely reduced to its current levels because of hunting. This elephant name generator will generate 10 names which will generally fit elephants and other large mammals, like hippos and rhinos. Large populations of elephants are confined to well-protected areas.  Elephant and Castle was a popular name for pubs at the time. Loxodonte was proposed as generic name for the African elephant by Georges Cuvier in 1824. Washington, DC 20037. Considerably large ears help the animal radiate excess heat. An anonymous author used the Latinized spelling Loxodonta in 1827. The population of African elephants in Southern Africa is large and expanding, with more than 300,000 within the region; Botswana has 200,000 and Zimbabwe 80,000. An elephant’s ears are a like an air conditioner. Another objective is to make it possible for viewers to ID the Tuskers they have seen. The massive tusks of older bulls can weigh up to 50 or 60 kilograms, but tusks weighing up to 90 kilograms have been recorded. Elephants. African elephants show sexual dimorphism in weight and shoulder height by age 20, due to the rapid early growth of males. As a result of the trade ban, African elephant populations recovered in Southern African range countries. 2. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. Males usually stay with a female and her herd for about a month before moving on in search of another mate. Habitat . Limited resources combined with remote and inaccessible elephant habitats make it difficult for governments to monitor and protect elephant herds. Weight. The elephant was known for its extremely devout behaviour. Their herds wander through 37 countries in Africa. African elephants are most threatened by the poaching crisis. After the ban came into force in 1990, retail sales of ivory carvings in South Africa have plummeted by more than 95% within 10 years. Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests, Flooded Grasslands and Savannahs, Miombo woodlands, Acacia savannahs. In this way, new plants can grow in different areas and can cross fertilize. , In 2019, the export of wild African elephants to zoos around the world was banned, with an exception added by the EU to allow export in "exceptional cases where … it is considered that a transfer to ex-situ locations will provide demonstrable in-situ conservation benefits for African elephants". Enjoy this list of strong names.. 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